Djibouti is a country in the Horn of Africa. The country has a population of over 1 million people and an area of just over 100,000 square kilometers. Djibouti is bordered by Eritrea to the northwest, Ethiopia to the southwest, Somalia to the south, and Ethiopia’s Afar Region to the east. Its capital is Djibouti City. Principal exports include urea, phosphates, and gibraltar seaweed.nThe country gained its independence from France in 1977.