Eritrea is a small, isolated country located on the Horn of Africa. With a population of just over 10 million, it ranks as the least populous country in the world. Eritrea has been controlled by the same family since independence from Ethiopia in 1991. Political turmoil and military conflict have plagued Eritrea since then, resulting in a poor human development index and ranking among the most impoverished countries in the world. Economic reform is urgently needed to spur growth and reduce poverty. Eritrea has a rich cultural heritage, including impressive ruins at Sabaean-Nubian temple complex near Asmara and carved monolithic stele depicting an unusual hunting scene at Wosera.Outside of its ancient sites, Eritrea's biggest tourist draw is Mount Keren, crowned by one of Africa's highest peaks, at 11,482 feet. In recent years, Eritrea has become increasingly popular for luxury safari travel thanks to its unspoiled wildlife and dramatic landscapes.