Guinea-Bissau is a country on the west coast of Africa. The country is just south of Senegal and has a population of 1.5 million people. Guinea-Bissau was once part of Portugal before becoming an independant country in 1974. Bissau is one of the poorest countries in the world and suffers from high militancy, crime, and corruption rates. The economy is based mostly on exports of peanuts, cocoa, and cashew nuts.