Zimbabwe is one of the Western African states located in southern Africa. The country has a population of about 16 million people and an area of about 120,000 square kilometers. It was formerly part of the British Empire and became an independent state in 1980. Since the early 1990s, Zimbabwe has been plagued by political turmoil. In 2009, the government was overthrown by a pro-Western military regime led by General Robert Mugabe. In December 2013, Mugabe was ousted from power after months of protests and military action against his regime. Zimbabwe is a landlocked country located in southern Africa. It shares borders with Zambia to the north, Botswana to the east, Mozambique to the south-east, and South Africa to the south-west. The capital and largest city is Harare. The Democratic Republic of Congo and Tanzania are also located within Zimbabwe's borders.