The country of Lesotho is located in southern Africa and has a population of about 2.5 million people. Lesotho is bordered by South Africa to the south and east, Mozambique to the west, and Namibia to the north. The country is largely mountainous, with many highlands and valleys. The major rivers are the Mokhotlosa and Mohale River. Agriculture dominates the economy, with cattle raising, horticulture, and small-scale mining also important.