Kazakhstan is a country located in Central Asia. The country has a population of about 17 million people and is the world's 16th largest country by area. The capital and largest city is Astana. Kazakhstan is bordered by Russia to the north, Uzbekistan to the south, Kyrgyzstan to the west, and China to the east. The country has a temperate climate, with very cold winters and hot summers. Kazakhstan is well known for its agricultural sector, which contributes about 50% of GDP. The country also has a considerable mineral and energy reserves.