Kiribati is an island country located in the Central Pacific Ocean. The total landmass is about 100 square kilometers, with a population of 102,000. The capital and largest city is Tarawa. Kiribati is made up of 29 atolls and five islands. The country’s official language is English, but there are also Melanesian languages and pidgins spoken. The economy is based on phosphate mining, copra production, tourism, and foreign aid.