Located in Central America, Honduras is bordered by Guatemala to the north, El Salvador to the east and south, and Nicaragua to the west. The country's terrain is diverse with mountains, valleys and rainforests. Honduran culture is closely tied to its Catholic faith. The major languages spoken in Honduras are Spanish and Portuguese. Honduras is one of the most unstable countries in Central America. Political violence is a serious problem, with assassinations, bombings and organized crime common. Poverty and inequality are also major issues. Honduras has made progress in recent years, with improved economic conditions and stability resulting from economic reforms implemented by the government in the late 1990s. Despite these advances, many Hondurans continue to live in poverty and lack access to education, health care and clean water.