El Salvador

About this jurisdiction

El Salvador is located in Central America and has a population of just over 6 million people. The country is bordered by Honduras to the north, Guatemala to the south and east, and Nicaragua to the west. El Salvador is made up of 18 municipalities and its capital is San Salvador. The main language spoken in El Salvador is Spanish, although there are also significant populations of indigenous Maya and Mestizo individuals. The economy of El Salvador is largely reliant on agriculture, with coffee being the most important crop. Other important industries include textiles and clothing, sugar processing, manufacturing (particularly for basic goods), and food processing. As well as benefitting from remittances from workers in other countries, El Salvador also benefits from tourism. The country has been plagued by political instability since the civil war which raged throughout the 1980s and 1990s. The latest conflict took place between 2009-2012 and was known as the "Karabarca War". The government has since been attempting to rebuild trust with its population, issuing a number of social programs aimed at improving lives for all citizens.


Legal basis