About this jurisdiction

Finland is a small country located in the north-central part of Europe. The country borders Sweden to the west, Norway to the north, Russia to the east and Estonia to the south. Finland is a prosperous, modern and democratic country with a population of about 5.5 million people. With its mostly cold climate and sparsely populated areas, Finland is known for its lakes, forests, hiking trails and beautiful Finnish architecture.nFinland's legal system is based on Roman law with some elements of Germanic law. The judiciary operates independently from the executive and legislative branches of government. The Finnish Constitution provides for an independent judiciary, including an attorney general who represents the state in legal proceedings. Finland has three levels of courts: Supreme Court, Court of Appeal and District Court. The criminal code was revised in 2007, replacing a number of obsolete provisions.nThe fee structure for court services is based on income levels. Legal aid is available to those who cannot afford to pay court costs.


Legal basis